Chapter 5. Integer Security
1. Douglas A. Gwyn is retired from the U.S. Army and is an Emeritus Member of INCITS PL22.11. David Keaton is a senior member of the technical staff in the CERT Program of Carnegie Mellon’s Software Engineering Institute (SEI) and chair of INCITS PL22.11. David Svoboda is a member of the technical staff for the SEI’s CERT.
Everything good is the transmutation of something evil: every god has a devil for a father.
—Friedrich Nietzsche, Sämtliche Werke: Kritische Studienausgabe
5.1. Introduction to Integer Security
The integers are formed by the natural numbers including 0 (0, 1, 2, 3, . . .) together with the negatives of the nonzero natural numbers (–1, –2, –3, ...