8.13. Authenticating with Kerberos

Problem

You need to authenticate using Kerberos.

Solution

If the client and the server are operating within the same Kerberos realm (or in separate realms, but cross-realm authentication is possible), you can use the user’s credentials to authenticate from the client with the server. Both the client and the server must support this authentication method.

The code presented in this recipe assumes you are using either the Heimdal or the MIT Kerberos implementation. It further assumes you are using Version 5, which we consider reasonable because Version 4 has been obsolete for so many years. We do not cover the Windows interface to Kerberos in this book because of the significant difference in the API compared to Heimdal and MIT implementations, as well as the complexity of the SSPI API that is required on Windows. We do, however, present an equivalent recipe for Windows on the book’s web site.

Discussion

First, we define a structure primarily for convenience. After a successful authentication, several pieces of information are passed back from the Kerberos API. We store each of these pieces of information in a single structure rather than adding several additional arguments to our authentication functions.

#include <krb5.h>
   
typedef struct {
  krb5_context      ctx;
  krb5_auth_context auth_ctx;
  krb5_ticket       *ticket;
} spc_krb5bundle_t;

On the client side, only the ctx and auth_ctx fields will be initialized. On the server side, all three fields will be initialized. ...

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