The need to maintain a record of all monetary transactions is applicable to all companies including STOs, as it is a requirement of the regulatory authorities.

The term accounting is generally synonymous with a structured approach towards the recording of monetary transactions. The following are typical characteristics of the accounting function within an STO:

  • the accounting function is usually performed by qualified accountants who reside within the accounting department (also known as finance department or financial control)
  • the accounting department is usually responsible for maintaining the ledgers (the books containing accounts) of the company's entire business, including:
    • trading activity
    • employee salaries (payroll)
    • the cost of office furniture
    • premises heating and lighting costs
    • the cost of computer equipment

    and which will be recorded within the company's corporate (or general) ledger

  • accounting for trading and settlement is usually processed within a trading ledger, which feeds and forms part of the corporate ledger
  • accounting information generated by the STO is used for control (reconciliation and internal audit), management decision making (P&L analysis) and regulatory (stock exchange and company law) reasons.

It is recommended that this chapter is read after having read the prior chapters, as a number of terms are used that have been ...

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