4.4. Task 4.4: Converting FAT to NTFS
The original Microsoft filesystem was called FAT (File Allocation Table). Windows NT introduced a more robust and secure filesystem called NTFS (New Technology File System).
FAT uses a linked list to keep track of the files on the partition, like a table of contents, with entries generally listed in the order the files were added to the partition. FAT supports a few attributes, such as Time Saved, Date Saved, Parent Container, Read Only, Archive, System, Hidden, and Directory (vs. File). FAT typically has three possible implementations: FAT12, FAT16, or FAT32.
Floppy disks use FAT12, using a 12-bit cluster addressing scheme.
Partitions on hard drives in systems running DOS, Windows 3x, and 9x, and on Windows ...