Chapter 17 Smooth Manifolds with Boundary

It is not unusual in practice to encounter what would otherwise be a smooth manifold except for the presence of some type of “boundary” In this chapter, we introduce smooth manifolds with boundary and prove one of most important results in differential geometry—Stokes's theorem.

17.1 Smooth Manifolds with Boundary

The closed upper half‐space of m , defined by

equation

is the model for what we later call a smooth m‐manifold with boundary. It is easily shown that

equation

For example, 3 = {(x,  y,  z) ∈ ℝ3 : z ≥ 0} is the upper half of 3 including the xy‐plane, images is the upper half of 3 excluding the xy‐plane, images is the lower half of 3 excluding the xy‐plane, and images is the xy‐plane.

Throughout, m is assumed to have the subspace topology induced by m .

Our first goal is to use m to broaden our earlier notion of “chart” Let M be a topological space, and consider the following modification of the definition of chart given in ...

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