Before we can do any analysis of the various components of a server, we must first look at some of the application areas that servers handle. These include several different types of applications, such as:

  • Web server

  • Database access

  • Transaction processing systems

  • Decision-support systems

  • Distributed file services

  • High-performance computing

Transaction processing and decision-support applications, along with Web-serving, merit special attention. The nature of transaction-processing and decision-support applications allows us to draw parallels and comparisons between them, but Web servers are of a different nature entirely. So we will first review transaction processing and decision support applications, and then later look at the characteristics ...

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