Introduction to Part 2

Concomitant and partly consubstantial with the development of tourism at the dawn of the 20th Century, from its inception, passenger air transport was mainly organized by Western States (Europe, United States and Australia), which supervised market access, concerned to guarantee flight safety but also to preserve the airlines, or, through them, the economic and strategic interests of each nation. The history of international relations seems to be strongly related with transport relations, which can be at the same time foreign policy issues, instruments or targets at specific times, and which have always been the vehicle for material interactions between countries. In addition, in situations of diplomatic crisis or major conflict, transport relations function as an excellent observation post to study developments with a particular country [MOR 13]. The sector is therefore part of a very fragile economic and political environment, on which it remains largely dependent [LEB 16].

It is in this context, which is at once sensitive, strategic, promising and protective, that the pioneering companies set out to conquer the world, offering the wealthy a new relationship with space-time, based on a concept of travel that remained associated with that of luxury1. If the size of the aircraft does not initially allow exclusive spaces to be separated from each other, the question of classes arises as soon as they are enlarged [ETU 50], in order to be able to optimize ...

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