The equipment currently used in single-camera video production has a relatively short history. In the early 1960s, a method of editing 2-inch quadraplex videotape was developed. Directors and journalists realized that some types of productions could be shot on one camera, recorded on videotape (even out of sequence), and then edited into a form suitable for airing.
By 1969, amateur videotaping became possible with the invention and sale of a Sony black-and-white vidicon handheld camera combined with an open reel ½-inch videotape recorder (VTR), later known as the EIAJ format. However, the early attempts at single-camera video production were primitive, primarily because of the lack of an adequate and efficient editing ...