9.1 What Are You Measuring?

The meaning of this question is that, very often, people trying to measure some aspect of an antenna’s performance are not seeing what they imagine they are measuring. Figure 9.1 illustrates a common problem with impedance and other measurements. The instrument making the measurement is necessarily at some distance from the antenna and is connected through a transmission line, usually a coaxial cable. Whether the load end is grounded or not, the mismatch causes a reflected wave, some of which leaves the feed region and causes a current wave on the outside of the coax. The fact that the reflection is not all in the cable causes a different impedance from that of the antenna itself, and the current ...

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