APPENDIX A

The Mathematics of Antenna Orientation

The field expressions for the vertical dipole and horizontal loop given in Chapter 2 are simple because they happen to be in the best orientation in the spherical coordinate system for the purpose. For practical reasons, it is useful to have field expressions for other orientations in the same coordinate system. Specifically, in this appendix I show how to find the expressions for a horizontal dipole on the x axis and a vertical loop in the x-z plane. The method is to express the starting expression in terms of (x, y, z) coordinates, relabel the axes to simulate rotation of the antenna, and then convert the result back to angle coordinates. To do this, we need to express unit vectors from one ...

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