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Small Group Facilitation: Improving Process and Performance in Groups and Teams by Judith A. Kolb

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Nature of Collaboration

Gray and Wood (1991) offer the following definition of collaboration:

Collaboration occurs when a group of autonomous stakeholders of a problem domain engage in an interactive process, using shared rules, norms, and structures, to act or decide on issues related to that domain (p. 146).

Four elements essential to collaboration identified by Stallworth (1998) have relevance for facilitated groups:

•   shared goal

•   interdependence

•   equal input

•   shared decision making

Both leader and members would balance the relational needs of collaboration members with the task demands of the group. As a result, the resources, skills, knowledge, and perspectives brought by members would benefit the collaboration’s ability to produce ...

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