Chapter 1Introduction and Background


1.01 Manufacturing is the production of goods or products2 for use or sale using labor and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation. The term manufacturing is most commonly applied to industrial production, in which inputs such as raw materials and components are transformed into finished goods on a large scale. Finished goods may be sold directly to (a) end users (for example, medical devices sold to health systems); (b) other manufacturers ...

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