The Context of State Initiatives

S. N. Jha




In this chapter, we present a bird's eye view of social development in India as envisaged by the Five-Year Plans. This, the chapter shows, emerged from a comprehensive perception of social development elaborated in Part IV of the Constitution, where the Directive Principles of State Policy are elucidated. Here, in this chapter, we are broadly concerned with the scope of the programmes and the changing emphasis in the successive plans.


The Constitution of India displays clear indications of the nascent State's commitment to social development. Significantly, as many as 9 out of the 16 articles of Part IV of the Constitution refer directly to aspects of social development. ...

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