Chapter 7


1.   Jean Dreze and Amartya Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995).

2.   Even before Independence, the National Planning Committee of the Indian National Congress, headed by Jawaharlal Nehru, declared that its social objective should be ‘to ensure an adequate standard of living for the masses, in other words, to get rid of the appalling poverty of the people’ (S. Mahendra Dev and Ajit Ranade, ‘Poverty and Public Policy—A Mixed Record’. In Kirit S. Parikh (Ed.), India Development Report 1997 (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), p. 61.

3.   V. M. Dandekar and Nilakanta Rath, Poverty in India (Lonavala: Indian School of Political Economy, 1971).

4.   Mahendra Dev and Ajit Ranade, ...

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