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Sociology and Social Anthropology in India by Yogesh Atal

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11

CRIMINOLOGICAL STUDIES

G.S. Bajpai

The social sciences in the recent past have become quite specialized. The origin of criminology as specialized branch of learning was a part of this process. It emerged as part of the protest against the prejudiced and discriminating legal practices that were prevalent in the contemporary society of the early eighteenth century. As the discipline developed, it became a science for the study of crime and criminality. Criminology has come to be defined as the study of crime, the causes of crime (etiology), the meaning of crime in terms of law, and community reaction to crime.

Criminological studies began with a dominating sociological perspective. Contemporary criminological thinking was greatly influenced ...

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