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Sociology by Yogesh Atal

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8

Structural-Functional Analysis

INTRODUCTION

Let us begin with a summary of the main points elaborated in the previous chapters.

As a study of the social sphere, sociology is concerned with those empirical systems that involve interactions of a plurality of individuals. These interactions—between two or more individuals (regular or casual), or between individual/s and a group, or between groups—follow a pattern governed by a society's culture. Individuals interacting with each other in diverse settings constitute a collectivity, whose own boundaries are defined by the membership, thus transforming it into a social system with members who have set positions that give them a ‘status’ and outline their ‘roles’. Thus, a system of rights and obligations ...

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