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From Socialization to Schooling: The Broader Canvas of Education

Let us introduce this chapter with a summary of the previous chapter, which was devoted to the broader canvas of education.

A distinctive feature of humans is that much of their behaviour is learned as members of the society in which they are born. The elders of the society perform the task of transforming the biological brute—which a human infant is—into a social animal. The process of learning, which enables a new entrant to society to interact with others and acquire the already existing culture, is universal in all societies. It is technically called socialization or enculturation.

Scholars like Herskovits regard these processes as part of education. To quote Herskovits: ...

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