C H A P T E R  13


As soon as we started programming, we found to our surprise that it wasn’t as easy to get programs right as we had thought. Debugging had to be discovered. I can remember the exact instant when I realized that a large part of my life from then on was going to be spent in finding mistakes in my own programs.

—Maurice Wilkes, 1949

It is a painful thing to look at your own trouble and know that you yourself and no one else has made it.


Congratulations! You’ve finished writing your code so now it’s time to get it working. I know. You’re thinking, “I can write perfect code; I’m careful. I won’t have any errors in my program.” Get over it. Every programmer thinks this at one point or another. There’s just ...

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