18.2 RESTful services

The initial developments of web services and service-oriented software engineering were standards-based, with XML-based messages exchanged between services. This is a general approach that allows for the development of complex services, dynamic service binding, and control over quality of service and service dependability. However, as services were developed, it emerged that most of these were single-function services with relatively simple input and output interfaces. Service users were not really interested in dynamic binding and the use of multiple service providers. They rarely use web service standards for quality of service, reliability, and so forth.

The problem is that web services standards are “heavyweight” standards ...

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