Chapter 9

Photovoltaic Systems

Abstract

Chapter 9 is about photovoltaic systems. Initially, the general characteristics of semiconductors are given and examine p–n junctions, the photovoltaic effect, and PV cell characteristics. This is followed by a description of photovoltaic panels and examines arrays, and types of PV technology and related equipment, which include batteries, inverters, charge controllers, and peak-power trackers. Then a review of possible applications are presented, which include direct-coupled PV systems, stand-alone applications, grid-connected systems, hybrid-connected systems, and types of applications with a separate section on building-integrated PV systems. This is followed by the methods used to design PV systems ...

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