IPv6 Autoconfiguration

Autoconfiguration is a new feature introduced with IPv6 that provides the facility for assigning an IPv6 address to a network interface without manual intervention by the administrator, as is currently necessary with IPv4. There are two types of autoconfiguration, stateless and stateful:

  • Stateless— This mechanism enables a host to generate its own IPv6 address based on the ethernet address of the network interface being configured and advertisement information provided by local routers. The routers advertise the format prefixes for subnetworks on the local network and the host itself calculates an interface identifier, based on the ethernet address, to create a unique address for the interface. The IPv6 address is created ...

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