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Special Edition Using TCP/IP, Second Edition by NIIT

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The Open Systems Interconnection Model

In a network, all the network components must work in synchronization to enable proper communication over the network. The International Standards Organization (ISO) created a set of specifications called the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model for designing a network architecture that would enable applications to function irrespective of the underlying hardware architecture. This reference model describes how the communication system between computers that need to communicate should be designed. The OSI model facilitates the creation of a network architecture that is efficient and supports interoperability among computers of dissimilar configurations.

Note

A reference model is a set of specifications ...

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