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Special Edition Using TCP/IP, Second Edition by NIIT

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Internet Protocol

Internet Protocol (IP) is a protocol that operates from the Internet layer of the TCP/IP reference model. The specifications of IP are provided in RFC 791. IP is responsible for transmitting data to the correct destination. It also takes care of routing. Irrespective of the protocol used in the Transport layer, all the protocols rely on IP for sending and receiving data. The following are some of the characteristics of IP:

  • IP provides a connectionless delivery system. This means that every data packet that is sent across the network is treated as an independent unit. IP does not maintain the details of the connection between the server and the client.

  • IP does not guarantee a reliable data transfer. However, this does not ...

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