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Special Edition Using TCP/IP, Second Edition by NIIT

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Agent Discovery Process

One of the very first steps that must be undertaken by a mobile device is to determine its home or foreign agent through the process of agent discovery. The home or foreign agent, collectively called mobility agents, actually initiates the process by broadcasting advertisement messages. The mobile device uses these advertisements to determine its current location and identify the mobility agents. The mobile device can also inform mobility agents about its presence by transmitting solicitation messages. To achieve these presence propagation scenarios, mobile IP uses the ICMP router advertisement and solicitation messages by adding extension fields, collectively called mobility agent advertisement extension, to the ...

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