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Special Theory of Relativity by S. P. Puri

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7

Applications of Special Theory of Relativity

7.1  EXPERIMENTAL VERIFICATION OF THE SPECIAL THEORY1

The experimental observation that the velocity of electromagnetic disturbances is the same in frames of reference, which are in uniform translation with respect to each other, was built into the theory by Einstein. In addition, the negative results of Michelson–Morley experiment were explained by Fitzgerald contraction hypothesis, but the theory predicts the contraction of length in the direction of motion. The other predictions of the theory are time dilation, relativistic increase of mass, and the mass energy equivalence. Let us discuss the experimental evidence, which confirms these predictions and thus rivets our faith in this already sound ...

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