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Step-by-Step Programming with Base SAS 9.4, Second Edition, 2nd Edition by SAS Institute

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Chapter 32
Writing Lines to the SAS Log or to
an Output File
Introduction to Writing Lines to the SAS Log or to an Output File . . . . . . . . . . . 595
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 595
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 596
Understanding the PUT Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 596
Writing Output without Creating a Data Set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 596
Writing Simple Text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 597
Writing a Character String . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 597
Writing Variable Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 599
Writing on the Same Line More Than Once . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600
Releasing a Held Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 601
Writing a Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603
Writing to an Output File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603
Designing the Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604
Writing Data Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604
Improving the Appearance of Numeric Data Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 605
Writing a Value at the Beginning of Each BY Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 606
Calculating Totals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607
Writing Headings and Footnotes for a One-Page Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 608
Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610
Statements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 610
Learning More . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 611
Introduction to Writing Lines to the SAS Log or to
an Output File
Purpose
In previous sections you learned how to store data values in a SAS data set and to use
SAS procedures to produce a report that is based on these data values. In this section,
you will learn how to do the following:
design output by positioning data values and character strings in an output file
prevent SAS from creating a data set by using the DATA _NULL_ statement
595

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