Finding Online Help
Accessing SAS Online Help System
To access the SAS online Help, select Help ð SAS Help and Documentation.
Accessing Window Help
You can access help on an individual window in any of the following ways:
• Issue the HELP command from the command line of the window.
• Select the window's help button, if one exists.
• Select the Help icon on the toolbar.
• From the window for which you want help, select Help ð Using This Window.
Using SAS Windowing Environment Command
Overview of SAS Windowing Environment Command Types
There are specific types of SAS windowing environment commands. The type of
commands that you use might depend on the task that you need to complete, or on your
personal preferences. These commands can be in the form of:
• command-line commands
• menu commands
• line commands (in text editing windows)
• keyboard function keys
For information about specific commands that can be issued in the SAS windowing
environment, see “Working with SAS Windows” on page 761. For information about
specific commands that can be used in the SAS text editor, see “Working with Text” on
Using Command-Line Commands
Command-line commands can be entered in two places:
• on the command line (if it is turned on)
• in the Command window (if it is available)
If the command line is turned on, then you can place your cursor on the command line
and type commands. You can toggle the command line on or off for a specific window
by selecting Tools ð Options ð Turn Command Line On or Tools ð Options ð Turn
Command Line Off.
758 Chapter 41 • Using the SAS Windowing Environment
The Command window (if it is available in your operating environment) includes a text
area. You can place your cursor in this area and then issue commands.
To execute a command, type the command on the command line and then press the
ENTER key, depending on which operating environment you are using. You can specify
a simple one-word command, multiple commands separated by semicolons, or a
command followed by an option.
For example, if you want to move from the Editor window and open both the Log and
the Output windows, on the command line of the Editor window, specify
The following display shows log; output entered on a command line:
Figure 41.2 Entering Commands on the Command Line
Next, press ENTER or RETURN to execute both commands. The Log and Output
windows appear. The Output window is the active window because the command to
open this window was executed last.
SAS windowing environment windows can display menus instead of a command line.
You can then make menu selections to do things that you would usually accomplish by
If your operating environment does not default to using drop-down menus, then issue the
PMENU command at a command line to turn on menus for all windows that support
You can point and click menus and menu items with a mouse to make your selections. In
some operating environments, you can also make menu selections by moving your
cursor over the menu items and then pressing ENTER or RETURN. Depending on the
item that you select, one of three things happens:
• a command executes
• a menu appears
• a dialog box appears
In many cases, double-clicking on items and right-clicking on items will cause different
menus to appear. Sometimes you might want to try one or the other when selecting an
item does not give you the expected result.
Using SAS Windowing Environment Command Types 759