The Structure of Human Resources

As part of its legacy of defining and implementing policy, HR is organized according to professional specialty. There are separate sections on compensation, executive compensation, management development, skills training, recruiting, benefits, affirmative action, organization development, career development, labor or industrial relations, and employee relations. As with every functional structure, organizing this way makes it easier to train people, to control the operation, and to focus energy, plus it allows you to support more in-depth, specialized knowledge.

The main limitation of a functional structure is that it does not react well to the customer’s need for quick and whole-system-oriented solutions. The ...

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