Microsoft Product Activation (MPA)
local group
A group account that is stored in the
Security Accounts Manager (SAM) of a sin-
gle system. You can give a local group access
to resources only on that system.
local printers and print jobs
Digital output devices that are directly con-
nected to a computer (by parallel or USB
connection). Print jobs that are printed to
local printers are sent directly to the a print-
er, rather than across a network.
local security policy
A feature of Windows XP Professional that
provides the ability to control details of a
computer or user quickly and easily through
settings that are stored on the computer,
rather than in Active Directory.
local user
A user account that is stored in the SAM of
a single system. A local user can belong only
to local groups on the same system and can
be given access to resources only on that
logical drive
A simple volume or partition indicated by a
drive letter that resides on a Windows XP
basic disk.
A command-line utility used to manage log
file data collection on remote computers, to
configure and deploy log settings to multi-
ple computers, and to extract data from
existing log files.
Log on Locally
A logon right that determines which users
can log on interactively. This right pertains
to users who physically attempt to log on to
the computer as well as to users who
remotely attempt to log on using a Remote
Desktop Connection (RDC). RDC users are
considered interactively (locally) logged on
logon script
A file that you can assign to one or more
user accounts. Typically a batch file, a logon
script runs automatically every time the user
logs on. You can use it to configure a user’s
working environment at every logon, and it
allows an administrator to influence a user’s
environment without managing all aspects
of it.
logon security settings
Settings that make a network recognize you
so you can begin a session. Logon security
settings refer to techniques for ensuring that
data stored in a computer cannot be read or
compromised. Most security measures
involve data encryption and passwords. Data
encryption is the translation of data into a
form that is unintelligible without a deci-
phering mechanism. A password is a secret
word or phrase that gives a user access to a
particular program or system.
See Internet Information Services (IIS).
Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
A standardized interface shell program for
managing Windows XP and Windows
Server computers. The MMC provides a
framework for hosting administrative tools,
called consoles or snap-ins, that are pub-
lished by Microsoft as well as by third par-
Microsoft Product Activation (MPA)
MPA requires that users activate their
copies of retail and OEM versions of
Microsoft software, such as Windows XP,
Microsoft Office XP and Office 2003, and
Windows Server 2003. Microsoft gives you
30 days after the first time you use the prod-
uct in which to activate Windows XP and
Office 2003; Microsoft allows you 60 days
after installation in which to activate
Windows Server 2003. If users do not acti-
vate the software within the appropriate
time frame, Windows XP stops functioning;
Office 2003 goes into reduced functionality
mode (read-only mode); Windows Server
2003 can only be accessed using the
Administrator account under Safe Mode.

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