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Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
437
suspend mode
A deep-sleep power-saving option that does
use some power.
symmetric multiprocessing (SMP)
A computer architecture that provides fast
performance by making multiple CPUs
available to complete individual processes
simultaneously (that is, multiprocessing).
Unlike with asymmetric processing, with
SMP you can assign any idle processor any
task as well as add additional CPUs to
improve performance and handle increased
loads. A variety of specialized operating sys-
tems and hardware arrangements support
SMP. Specific applications can benefit from
SMP if their code allows multithreading.
SMP uses a single operating system and
shares common memory and disk I/O
resources. Windows XP Professional sup-
ports SMP; Windows XP Home Edition
supports only a single CPU.
sysprep
A tool that prepares a Windows Server
2003, Windows XP Professional, or a
Windows 2000 Professional computer to be
imaged by using third-party disk image soft-
ware. It does so by removing unique identi-
fiers such as computer name and SIDs.
Sysprep modifies the target operating sys-
tem’s Registry so that a unique local domain
SID is created when the computer boots for
the first time after the disk image is applied.
System Monitor
A node in the Performance MMC snap-in
for monitoring and logging computer per-
formance statistics using performance
objects, counters, and instances.
system state
In the Windows Backup utility, a collection
of system-specific data that you can back up
and restore. For Windows XP/2000/2003
operating systems, the system-state data
includes the Registry, the Component
Object Model (COM)+ Class Registration
database, and the system boot files. For
Windows Server 2003 and Windows 2000
Server, the system-state data also includes
the Certificate Services database (if the serv-
er is operating as a certificate server). If the
server is a DC, the system-state data also
includes the Active Directory database and
the sysvol directory.
taking ownership of objects
The act of one user account taking over
ownership of files or folders from another
user. Administrators must grant a user the
ability to take ownership of a file or folder
or make a user take ownership for himself.
Task Manager
A utility program that displays the current
application programs and processes that are
running on the computer. It also monitors
the system’s recent processor usage, recent
memory usage, current network utilization,
and currently logged-on users.
Terminal Server
A computer that is running Terminal
Services. A Windows Server 2003 computer
installs Terminal Services in Remote
Desktop for Administration mode by
default. You must set up Terminal Services
in Application Server mode separately.
Users connect to terminal servers using the
Remote Desktop Client (RDC), installed by
default in Windows XP.
Terminal Services
A built-in service that enables you to use the
Remote Desktop Connection software to
connect to a session that is running on a
remote computer while you are sitting at
another computer in a different location.
This process is extremely useful for employ-
ees who want to work from home but need
to access their computers at work.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP)
A standardized specification for data trans-
port over a network or the Internet.
TCP/IP consists of a sophisticated array of
data transport services, name-resolution
services, and troubleshooting utilities and is
a required component for implementing
Active Directory.

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