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Sustainable Environmental Engineering

Book Description

The important resource that explores the twelve design principles of sustainable environmental engineering

Sustainable Environmental Engineering (SEE) is to research, design, and build Environmental Engineering Infrastructure System (EEIS) in harmony with nature using life cycle cost analysis and benefit analysis and life cycle assessment and to protect human health and environments at minimal cost. The foundations of the SEE are the twelve design principles (TDPs) with three specific rules for each principle. The TDPs attempt to transform how environmental engineering could be taught by prioritizing six design hierarchies through six different dimensions. Six design hierarchies are prevention, recovery, separation, treatment, remediation, and optimization. Six dimensions are integrated system, material economy, reliability on spatial scale, resiliency on temporal scale, and cost effectiveness. In addition, the authors, two experts in the field, introduce major computer packages that are useful to solve real environmental engineering design problems. 

The text presents how specific environmental engineering issues could be identified and prioritized under climate change through quantification of air, water, and soil quality indexes. For water pollution control, eight innovative technologies which are critical in the paradigm shift from the conventional environmental engineering design to water resource recovery facility (WRRF) are examined in detail. These new processes include UV disinfection, membrane separation technologies, Anammox, membrane biological reactor, struvite precipitation, Fenton process, photocatalytic oxidation of organic pollutants, as well as green infrastructure. Computer tools are provided to facilitate life cycle cost and benefit analysis of WRRF. This important resource:

•    Includes statistical analysis of engineering design parameters using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS)

•    Presents Monte Carlos simulation using Crystal ball to quantify uncertainty and sensitivity of design parameters

•    Contains design methods of new energy, materials, processes, products, and system to achieve energy positive WRRF that are illustrated with Matlab

•    Provides information on life cycle costs in terms of capital and operation for different processes using MatLab

Written for senior or graduates in environmental or chemical engineering, Sustainable Environmental Engineering defines and illustrates the TDPs of SEE. Undergraduate, graduate, and engineers should find the computer codes are useful in their EEIS design. The exercise at the end of each chapter encourages students to identify EEI engineering problems in their own city and find creative solutions by applying the TDPs. For more information, please visit www.tang.fiu.edu.  

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Preface
  3. 1 Renewable Resources and Environmental Quality
    1. 1.1 Renewable Resources and Energy
    2. 1.2 Human Demand and Footprint
    3. 1.3 Challenges and Opportunities
    4. 1.4 Carrying Capacity
    5. 1.5 Air, Water, and Soil Quality Index
    6. 1.6 Air, Water, and Soil Pollution
    7. 1.7 Life Cycle Assessment
    8. 1.8 Environmental Laws
    9. 1.9 Exercise
    10. References
  4. 2 Health Risk Assessment
    1. 2.1 Environmental Health
    2. 2.2 Environmental Standards
    3. 2.3 Health Risk Assessment
    4. 2.4 QSAR Analysis in HRA
    5. 2.5 Quantification of Uncertainty
    6. 2.6 Exercise
    7. References
  5. 3 Twelve Design Principles of Sustainable Environmental Engineering
    1. 3.1 Sustainability
    2. 3.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 3.3 Sustainable Environmental Engineering
    4. 3.4 SEE Design Principles
    5. 3.5 Principle 8: Separation
    6. 3.6 Implementation of the SEE Design Principles
    7. 3.7 Exercise
    8. References
  6. 4 Integrated and Interconnected Systems
    1. 4.1 Principle 1
    2. 4.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 4.3 Integrated Solid Waste Management
    4. 4.4 Integrated Air Quality Management (IAQM)
    5. 4.5 Exercise
    6. References
  7. 5 Reliable Systems on a Spatial Scale
    1. 5.1 Principle 2
    2. 5.2 Integrated System Approach
    3. 5.3 Scale‐up of Laboratory or Pilot Design to Full‐scale Plant
    4. 5.4 Exercise
    5. References
  8. 6 Resiliency on Temporal Scale
    1. 6.1 Principle 3
    2. 6.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 6.3 Discharge Standards
    4. 6.4 Population Growth
    5. 6.5 Steady Versus Unsteady
    6. 6.6 Hydraulic Condition of Different Reactors
    7. 6.7 Chemical Kinetics
    8. 6.8 Group Theory Predicting Hydroxyl Radical Kinetic Constants
    9. 6.9 Photocatalytic Oxidation of Halogen‐substituted Meta‐phenols by UV/TiO2
    10. 6.10 Environmental Issues on Different Temporal Scales
    11. 6.11 Exercise
    12. References
  9. 7 Efficiency of Renewable Materials
    1. 7.1 Principle 4
    2. 7.2 Stoichiometry
    3. 7.3 Avoid the Addition of Chemicals
    4. 7.4 Design Efficient Reactors
    5. 7.5 Exercise
    6. References
  10. 8 Efficiency of Renewable Energy
    1. 8.1 Principle 5
    2. 8.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 8.3 Energy Conservation Laws
    4. 8.4 Energy Balances
    5. 8.5 Benchmarks for Unit Energy Consumption in WTP and WWTP
    6. 8.6 Energy Consumption by Pump
    7. 8.7 Solar Energy
    8. 8.8 Exercise
    9. References
  11. 9 Prevention
    1. 9.1 Principle 6
    2. 9.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 9.3 Green Infrastructure
    4. 9.4 Design Tools of Rain Harvest
    5. 9.5 Design Anaerobic Digester Reactor
    6. 9.6 Green Roof Design
    7. 9.7 Rain Garden Design
    8. 9.8 Exercise
    9. References
  12. 10 Recovery
    1. 10.1 Principle 7
    2. 10.2 Phosphorus Removal from Wastewater
    3. 10.3 Phosphorus Recovery
    4. 10.4 Capital and Operation Cost of Reclaiming Water for Reuse
    5. 10.5 Exercise
    6. References
  13. 11 Separation
    1. 11.1 Principle 8
    2. 11.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 11.3 Precipitation
    4. 11.4 Coagulation and Flocculation
    5. 11.5 Membrane Filtration Systems
    6. 11.6 Activated Carbon Adsorption
    7. 11.7 Anaerobic Membrane Biological Reactor
    8. 11.8 Air Stripping
    9. 11.9 LCA Tools for WWTPs
    10. 11.10 Capital and O&M Costs of Membrane Filtration
    11. 11.11 Exercise
    12. References
  14. 12 Treatment
    1. 12.1 Principle 9
    2. 12.2 Challenges
    3. 12.3 Environmental Regulations
    4. 12.4 UV Disinfection
    5. 12.5 Virus Sensitivity Index of UV Disinfection
    6. 12.6 Bacteria Sensitivity Index (BSI) with Shoulder Effect
    7. 12.7 Emerging Treatment Technologies
    8. 12.8 Design Considerations of UV Disinfection System
    9. 12.9 Exercise
    10. References
  15. 13 Green Retrofitting and Remediation
    1. 13.1 Principle 10
    2. 13.2 Challenges of WWTP Design
    3. 13.3 Anaerobic Digestion for Biogas Production
    4. 13.4 Best Practice Benchmark
    5. 13.5 Green Retrofitting
    6. 13.6 Sludge Processing and Disposal
    7. 13.7 Green Remediation
    8. 13.8 Tools
    9. 13.9 Exercise
    10. References
  16. 14 Optimization through Modeling and Simulation
    1. 14.1 Principle
    2. 14.2 Introduction
    3. 14.3 Challenges and Opportunities
    4. 14.4 Modeling of the Fenton Process
    5. 14.5 Simulation
    6. 14.6 Optimization
    7. 14.7 Validation and Uncertainty
    8. 14.8 Exercise
    9. References
  17. 15 Life Cycle Cost and Benefit Analysis
    1. 15.1 Principle
    2. 15.2 Challenges and Opportunities
    3. 15.3 Optimum Pipe Size
    4. 15.4 Advanced Oxidation Process Costs
    5. 15.5 Recovery of N and P
    6. 15.6 Entrepreneur in SEE
    7. 15.7 Innovation in SEE
    8. 15.8 Exercise
    9. References
  18. Index
  19. End User License Agreement