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Swarm Intelligence and Bio-Inspired Computation by Mehmet Karamanoglu, Amir Hossein Gandomi, Renbin Xiao, Zhihua Cui, Xin-She Yang

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7

A Survey of Swarm Algorithms Applied to Discrete Optimization Problems

Jonas Krause1, Jelson Cordeiro1, Rafael Stubs Parpinelli1, 2 and Heitor Silvério Lopes1,    1Bioinformatics Laboratory, Federal University of Technology Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil, 2Applied Cognitive Computing Group, Santa Catarina State University, Joinville, Brazil

7.1 Introduction

Swarm-based algorithms are inspired by the behavior of some social living beings, such as ants, termites, birds, and fishes. Self-organization and decentralized control are remarkable features of swarm-based systems that, such as in nature, lead to an emergent behavior. Emergent behavior is a property that emerges through local interactions among system components and it is not possible to ...

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