Unwrapping an optional
There are multiple ways to unwrap an optional. All of them essentially assert that there is truly a value within the optional. This is a wonderful safety feature of Swift. The compiler forces you to consider the possibility that an optional lacks any value at all. In other languages, this is a very commonly overlooked scenario that can cause obscure bugs.
The safest way to unwrap an optional is to use something called optional binding. With this technique, you can assign a temporary constant or variable to the value contained within the optional. This process is contained within an
if statement, so that you can use an else statement when there is no value. Optional binding looks similar to the following code: ...