The Statement of Synchronization

Audience interpretations of motion pictures depend on the syntactic organization provided by past experiences with synchronization. The two variables that define this audio-visual syntax are what provides the sync-point, and when that sync-point occurs in relation to earlier/later sync-points in both sound and image tracks (Figure 6.1). Direct and counterpoint synchronization are distinguished by the variable proximity and distance between visual sync-points of motion on-screen, duration of the shot/music, chiaroscuro dynamics within the frame (or a combination of all three), correlated with audible sync-points, the most basic being the appearance of a sound (as in the ‘lip-sync’ of direct synchronization). ...

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