Square rooting deserves special attention because of its frequent use in a number of applications ([ERC1994], [OBE1999]). Although square rooting can be viewed as a particular case of the exponential operation, the similarity with division is a more important consideration for the choice of algorithms. Several techniques in base-B and in binary systems are reviewed in this section.
be the 2n-digit base-B radicand.
The square root Q and the remainder R are denoted
complies with the condition
The classical pencil and paper method, described in what follows, assumes that all roots of 2-digit numbers are available ((B2 − 1) × (B − 1) look-up table). ...