Chapter 2. Traditional Transmission Media

Transmission media are the physical pathways that connect computers, other devices, and people on a network—the highways and byways that comprise the information superhighway. Each transmission medium requires specialized network hardware that has to be compatible with that medium. You have probably heard terms such as Layer 1, Layer 2, and so on. These refer to the OSI reference model, which defines network hardware and services in terms of the functions they perform. (The OSI reference model is discussed in detail in Chapter 5, “Data Communications Basics.”) Transmission media operate at Layer 1 of the OSI model: They encompass the physical entity and describe the types of highways on which voice and ...

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