5

Evacuation and decontamination in response to the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident

Y. Hatamura    Hatamura Institute for the Advancement of Technology, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

Although the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant accident had no direct radiation-caused fatalities, the inadequately organized evacuation process caused deaths among vulnerable groups such as the elderly. As many as 160,000 residents were and still are evacuated from the area. This chapter reviews problems in evacuation and its effects on evacuees. It also looks at decontamination issues.

Keywords

Evacuation

Radiation

Exposure

Half-life

Decontamination

5.1 Introduction

The Fukushima accident had no direct fatalities caused by radiation released initially to the ...

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