Chapter 4

31 USC 1341—Obligation or Disbursement in Advance or Excess of Appropriation

This chapter details the language, meaning, and decisions associated with the first major element of the Antideficiency Act (ADA). Simply stated, federal government officials are prohibited from obligating or disbursing government funds before an appropriation has been enacted into law, or in excess of the amount specified by Congress in an appropriation. Though this section of the U.S. Code is simple in concept, there have been many decisions interpreting its meaning, making its application in some real-life situations less than straightforward.

8. What is the key provision of the Antideficiency Act?

The central provision of the ADA is 31 USC 1341(a)(1). ...

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