Chapter 10. Extracting Unrelated Subproblems
Engineering is all about breaking down big problems into smaller ones and putting the solutions for those problems back together. Applying this principle to code makes it more robust and easier to read.
The advice for this chapter is to aggressively identify and extract unrelated subproblems. Here’s what we mean:
Look at a given function or block of code, and ask yourself, “What is the high-level goal of this code?”
For each line of code, ask, “Is it working directly to that goal? Or is it solving an unrelated subproblem needed to meet it?”
If enough lines are solving an unrelated subproblem, extract that code into a separate function.
Extracting code into separate functions is something you probably do every day. But for this chapter, we decided to focus on the specific case of extracting unrelated subproblems, where the extracted code is blissfully unaware of why it’s being called.
As you’ll see, it’s an easy technique to apply but can improve your code substantially. Yet for some reason, many programmers don’t use this technique enough. The trick is to actively look for these unrelated subproblems.
In this chapter, we will go through a variety of examples that illustrate this technique for different situations you might run into.
Introductory Example: findClosestLocation()