2 The Structure of Individual Sports

Although the major professional team sports leagues involve similar governance systems, the business operations of individual sports differ greatly among themselves and from the league paradigm. Sometimes secretive, often Byzantine, an individual sport’s decision-making structure, compensation, sponsorships, and tournament characteristics are not always easy to determine. The niche interests of these sports, plus the above-mentioned intricacies, may be reasons why individual sports governance does not receive the same amount of coverage as that of the major team sports.

At one time, individual sport competition was limited to amateur athletes. Until the 1960s, professionals were generally prohibited from ...

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