Labor Matters: Unions
Similar to many other industries in which unions represent the collective interests of employees, management and labor in many sports leagues use a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) to set forth the rules regarding how they will conduct business and resolve disputes between one another. Athletes in the NBA, NFL, NHL (and the minor league AHL and ECHL), MLB (and its affiliated minor leagues), MLS, and WNBA are unionized. The CBA creates a system of laws and guidelines that govern the relationship between management and the union. This agreement is hammered out in the collective bargaining process, a negotiation that in sports, as in other industries, is bounded by the economic weapons of a ...