6 Uncertain Capital

Class, Gender, and the “Imagined Futures” of Young Classical Musicians

Anna Bull

In January 2016, Ed Vaizey, the UK’s then Culture Secretary, told the classical music sector that it must make a ‘step change’ towards becoming more diverse and urged the need for clear targets to achieve this.1 Such pressure coincides with an emerging body of research on inequalities in the creative and cultural industries in the UK.2 For example, Dave O’Brien, Daniel Laurison, Sam Friedman, and Andrew Miles have demonstrated that there is a ‘class ceiling’ for those working in these industries, which under-represent those with working-class backgrounds, and that the music industry is one of the most unequal professions.3 Their data does not ...

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