We are approaching a time when machines will be able to outperform humans at almost any task. I believe that society needs to confront this question before it is upon us: if machines are capable of doing almost any work humans can do, what will humans do?
—Moshe Vardi, Professor of Computer Science at Rice University
We begin this chapter with a review of when the experts believe robots will surpass humans on a variety of tasks. While there is significant disagreement among the experts, the general tendency is to believe robots will surpass humans on all tasks in roughly 45 years! We then explore public acceptance of robots performing a wide variety ...