**CHAPTER 8**

**Long Put**

**I**n Chapter 7, we discussed that buying a call is probably the most basic option strategy and the easiest to learn for a beginner. Buying a put option has many of the same characteristics as buying a call option, except a put option profits in the opposite direction. Most individuals are familiar with buying and profiting from an increase in the value of an underlying stock, but a put option makes it equally as easy to profit from a decline in a stock. This chapter provides an overview of a long put, presents numerous comprehensive examples, and then moves to beyond the basics, including a discussion of rolling, protective and married puts, and equivalent positions.

#
**OVERVIEW**

A long put involves the purchase of a put option and is a bearish strategy. An advantage of a long put is that if the stock declines, you have unlimited potential with limited risk. A long put typically increases in value from a decline in the underlying stock or volatility expansion and declines in value from a rise in the underlying stock, time decay, or volatility contraction. Following is a summary profile of a long call:

**Direction**: Bearish.

**Profit potential**: Unlimited. (Technically, strike price minus premium paid.)

**Risk**: Limited to premium paid.

**Time decay**: Negative (theta).

**Volatility**: Increase is positive (positive theta), decrease is negative.

**Delta**: Negative.

**Gamma**: Positive.

**Theta (time)**: Negative.

**Vega (volatility)**: Positive.

**Breakeven**: Stock at strike price minus premium paid. ...