Chapter
8
Accessibility and Alternative Devices
CSS allows us to separate the structure and content of our documents from the
presentation of the site. This means that visitors using devices that cant render the
sites designeither because theyre limited from a technical standpoint, such as
some PDA or phone browsers, or as a result of their own functional advantages,
such as screen readers that speak a pages text for the benefit of visually impaired
userswill still be able to access the content. However, were still free to create
beautiful designs for the majority of users who do have browsers that support CSS.
While separating content and structure from presentation, and considering how
best to structure the underlying document, will mean that users of screen readers
and browsers that dont support CSS can easily understand your site, you still need
to be aware of other users who, though they can see the design of the site, have
particular accessibility-related needs. Simply using CSS for layout purposes does
not make your site accessible to everyone. For example, many people who suffer
some kind of vision loss can read text thats clearly laid out and can be enlarged.
This chapter also covers the use of alternative style sheets (also called alternate
style sheets), style sheets for different media (such as print style sheets), and browser-
based style sheet switching with the aid of JavaScript.

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