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The Cucumber for Java Book by Seb Rose, Matt Wynne, Aslak Hellesoy

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Cucumber is a testing tool, and it’s in the Java code of a step definition where our tests find out whether a step has succeeded in whatever it set out to do. So, how does a step definition tell Cucumber whether it passed or failed?

images/scenario-execution-flow.png
Figure 2. How Cucumber executes a scenario

Like most other testing tools, Cucumber uses exceptions to communicate the failure of a test. As it executes a scenario, one step at a time, Cucumber assumes that a step has passed unless its step definition throws an exception. If the exception thrown is a PendingException, then the step is marked as pending—all other exceptions cause the step to fail. ...

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