It is the photographer’s job to see more intensely than most people do. He must keep in him something of the child who looks at the world for the ﬁrst time or of the traveler who enters a strange country.
-Bill Brandt, 1948
The choice of which ﬁlm developer to use is perhaps the single most important decision a photographer can make. Film developers directly affect the sharpness (acutance), graininess, tonal scale, and contrast of the image. All are interdependent. For example, ﬁlm developers that maximize sharpness do so at the cost of increased graininess. High-energy ﬁlm developers shorten the tonal scale of a negative, and soft-working developers, while extending the scale, lower the contrast.
For landscape and architectural ...