The industrial chain is a relatively independent subfield in industrial organization (IO). Inherent to the chain are two attributes: a structural attribute (partly discussed in Chapter 1) and a value attribute of an enterprise group structure. The value attribute of an “industrial chain” relates to the concept of a “value chain” first mentioned by Michael Porter of Harvard [38], in 1985. The industrial chain is considered to have four dimensions: a value chain, an enterprise chain, a supply chain, and a space chain.

This chapter gives a concise introduction to the data industry chain to help the reader better understand what the data industry is.


3.1.1 The Meaning and Characteristics

First, the industrial chain is a conception of industrial organization in that it consists of associated enterprises spaced out along a so-called chain of value-added activities. Second, the industrial chain's collection of enterprises is intended to meet a specific demand, produce a specific product, or provide a specific service. Third, the industrial chain is connected by dynamic supply-demand activity of the enterprises forming its links that is entirely in strict chronological order.

From these three descriptions, we have a clear picture, likewise, of the data industry chain; that is, it contains enterprises that operate at different industrial levels, processing resources of different weights and complexities, and in a timely fashion, ...

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