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The Discussion Book by Stephen Preskill, Stephen D. Brookfield

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Chapter 3

Circular Response

Developed by the adult educator Eduard Lindeman (Brookfield, 1988) in the 1930s, this exercise is designed to help groups narrow the range of possible topics and drill down into a deeper exploration of one or two important themes. It puts a premium on careful listening and informed responding. Because of the anxiety this exercise often produces, we advise against using it at the start of a group's time together.

Purposes

  • To help a group whose members have multiple agendas and topics to find one or two they can focus on
  • To encourage careful active listening
  • To enjoy the respect and affirmation of peers as you witness them strive to build on your contribution
  • To democratize group deliberation by involving every ...

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