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The Economics and Politics of Resettlement in India by Madhu Bala, Shobhita Jain

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Chapter 12

Impact of Displacement on Forest Dwellers

Varsha Ganguly

Introduction

The term ‘forest dwellers’ in India encompasses different social and economic groups such as, tribes, communities with different occupations such as pastoral, shifting cultivators, hunters and food gatherers and so on. This chapter uses the term ‘tribal’ and ‘forest dweller’ inter-changeably and synonymously. The term scheduled tribes (ST) also connotes ‘tribals’ in India, but while talking about ‘forest dwellers’, the tribals could include some more tribes than the forest dwellers, for example, the agariya (salt workers of Kachchh district of Gujarat) and other such nomadic tribes.

The debate on the conservation strategy of forests as a development project has come ...

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